Why you may need anticoagulants
You may need to take anticoagulants, if you have been diagnosed with or have had one of the following:
- Atrial fibrillation (AF)
- Artificial heart valve
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- Pulmonary embolism (PE)
- Genetic clotting disorder
- Heart Attack
Sometimes it is only necessary to take anticoagulants for a few months. In other circumstances you will take them for life. Your health care professional will tell you how long to take them for. Do not stop taking them unless your doctor or nurse tells you to you.
Anticoagulant drugs affect the blood's ability to clot and therefore there is an increased risk of bleeding for people who are taking them. Because of this risk, it is vitally important to take the medication exactly as directed.
Good dental hygiene is vitally important for everyone. Links have been shown between poor dental hygiene and heart disease.
Most dental treatment can go ahead as normal without your anticoagulant being stopped. Make sure your dentist knows that you are taking an anticoagulant well before your appointment date. If you are taking warfarin you should have an INR test in the week before your appointment.
If you have a prosthetic heart valve The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) no longer recommends that an antibiotic be given to prevent infection, which can cause endocarditis, when having dental treatment. However if you have had endocarditis in the past or your cardiologist says you are at risk of endocarditis then discuss with your dentist about being prescribed an antibiotic.